Hair Loss in Men

What causes male pattern baldness?

Male pattern baldness rooted in the scalp

Otherwise known as androgenetic alopecia, male pattern balding is the main cause of hair thinning and baldness in men. Starting as thinning at the temples (a ‘receding hairline’) or the crown, symptoms usually progress to balding across the scalp.

Despite the increase in bald and balding men in the public eye, hair loss is still an extremely sensitive topic for the many men who experience it at some point in their lives.


Male pattern baldness is most often an inherited condition, which causes hair follicles to be genetically sensitive to Dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This sensitivity shrinks the follicles and results in a shortened lifespan. The affected hair follicles are eventually unable to maintain the quality of hair, producing thinning hair or ultimately a bald scalp. Despite the myth, male pattern balding isn’t due to an over-abundance of testosterone but instead it is a sensitivity to the hormone.

Available treatments

Male pattern baldness is not a disease and therefore there is no cure. Treatments have been shown to slow the process of thinning and balding, as it’s more effective to maintain existing hair than regrow it. Minoxidil (Regaine) and Finasteride (Propecia tablets) have been shown to be the most clinically successful treatments for hair loss. Note that these are the only two FDA approved treatments and so caution is advised when considering any other hair loss medications found online or otherwise.

Alternatively many men find non-medicated solutions as successful, such as wigs, hair transplants and surgical scalp reduction.


Minoxidil Hair Loss Treatment

Positive Accounts of Treatments

Everything You Need to Know about Propecia
The Bald Facts of Hair Loss

Hair Loss in Men by Dr Tony Steele (Index Medical Ltd) ().